Betaine is an amino acid, which is naturally found in animals and plants such as algae and sugar beets. Betaine, which is used in cosmetics, is mostly derived from sugar beets. Betaine, among other things, enables the adjustment of the water balance in cells.
Betaine is used in cosmetic products as an anti-static, softening and moisturizing ingredient as well as it is used in order to control viscosity.
The substance is also known as glycerol or propanetriol and is a thick sugary alcohol, which is part of all fatty substances.
Glycerine is highly hygroscopic i.e. capable of absorbing water/steam from its’ surroundings and thereby retains moisture. This is used in cosmetics, where it is added to creams as a moisturizing and moisture-retaining ingredient.
Glycerine is also added as a stabilizer and emulsifier in order to ease and stabilize the mix of fatty and watery ingredients.
Hexyldecanol is an alcohol, which has a softening and moisturizing effect on the skin and is, therefore, often used in ointments. It is a low viscosity substance, which makes the products easily distributable.
Phenoxyethanol is an aromatic ether which is used as a preservative.
It is difficult to avoid preservatives in personal care and cleaning/washing since water give rise to good growing conditions for bacteria’s, fungus and mold. If microorganisms are allowed to grow this could, besides destroying the product and limit the durability, also result in a risk for infection for the consumer.
Is a sodium salt, which is produced by missing cetyl and stearyl sulphate. The substance is used in cosmetic products as a cleansing, emulsifying and lathering ingredient. An emulsifier enables the mix of oily and watery components in a product, which normally would not mix. It is necessary for the product to keep its’ function.