Alumina is also called Aluminum Oxide and is naturally found in stone. The substance may have various functions in cosmetic products. It is used as a smoothing agent, sun filter and as a viscosity regulative ingredient. It may additionally prevent clumping as well as provide a white colouration to the product. Furthermore, Alumina is found in paint and ceramic implants.
The substance is extracted from coconut oil and is used in both cosmetics, foods and medicines. It is added to cosmetic products as a softening ingredient. It is an attractive ingredient due to its stability and solubility.
Citric acid is a medium strong acid, which is found naturally in citrus fruits. Citric acid may be extracted from fruits, but for industrial purposes, citric acid is mainly produced artificially. Citric acid is added to regulate the acidity (pH-value). Citric acid simultaneously has a preservative effect on the types of bacteria, which cannot grow in low pH environments.
PEG stands for polyethylene glycol. The PEG family are substances, which consist of chains of ethylene glycol subunits of various lengths. The number following the name 'PEG' states the relative length of the chain - the longer the chain, the higher the number is.
PEG-8 is used in cosmetic products as a moisturizing as well as a dissolvent ingredient.
Stearic acid is found in many animal and vegetable fatty substances and oils. Stearic acid works as an emulsifying, cleansing and surfactant ingredient in cosmetic products. It is also used as a raw material in soaps and detergents.
Sun lotions could contain physical or chemical sunscreen or a combination of both. The physical sunscreen is protecting by deflecting or blocking the UV-rays. The chemical sunscreen is protecting by absorbing the UV rays. Some sunscreens are also used on nano form. Titanium Dioxide is used as a physical UV-filter in cosmetics. It may also be used as a colorant (white pigment). Titanium Dioxide is also approved on nano form.