Cellulose gum is also known as carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), carboxymethyl ether as well as sodium salt and is modified cellulose polymer.
Cellulose gum has many properties in cosmetic products. It stabilizes emulsions (the mix of oily and watery components), forms a film around hair, skin and nails, as well as it regulates the viscosity of a product. The substance is for instance used in detergents, where it counteracts the dirt setting in the clothes fibres.
Sodium bicarbonate (also called soda) is a white chrystalline powder, which is used in cosmetic products and household products, where it works as a pH regulator and is used in dental care means, as the particles can have a smoothening effect and are, thereby, cleansing. The substance is also used in detergents.
The substance may have several functions in cosmetic products: it holds the product together, stabilizes emulsions (mixtures of oily and watery components), film forming and has a viscosity controlling effect.
The substance has cleansing, viscosity regulating and emulsifying effects in cosmetic products. An emulsifier enables the mix of oily and watery components in a product. The substance is used in for instance detergents, where it dissolves and removes dirt.
Subtilisin is a protein splitting enzyme, which is primarily used in detergents and cleaning products. The enzyme helps remove protein-containing stains. Subtilsin is extracted from a bacteria species called Bacillus subtilis.