Citric acid is a medium strong acid, which is found naturally in citrus fruits. Citric acid may be extracted from fruits, but for industrial purposes, citric acid is mainly produced artificially. Citric acid is added to regulate the acidity (pH-value). Citric acid simultaneously has a preservative effect on the types of bacteria, which cannot grow in low pH environments.
PEG-4 rapeseedamide is fatty acids derived from rapeseed oil. It is used in cosmetic products, where it may have various functions. It may be used as a thickening agent, a lathering stabilizer, an emulsifier or as a dissolvent.
Phenoxyethanol is an aromatic ether which is used as a preservative.
It is difficult to avoid preservatives in personal care and cleaning/washing since water give rise to good growing conditions for bacteria’s, fungus and mold. If microorganisms are allowed to grow this could, besides destroying the product and limit the durability, also result in a risk for infection for the consumer.
Sodium laureth sulphate is a so-called anionic tenside - i.e. is an active ingredient with lathering and emulsifying effects. An emusifier enables the mix of oily and watery components, which contributes to the fact that grease, oil and dirt is easily dissolved and can be washed off.
The substance is used in many different product types - including cosmetic products such as shampoo and liquid soap as well as cleaning products and detergents.