Citric acid is a medium strong acid, which is found naturally in citrus fruits. Citric acid may be extracted from fruits, but for industrial purposes, citric acid is mainly produced artificially. Citric acid is added to regulate the acidity (pH-value). Citric acid simultaneously has a preservative effect on the types of bacteria, which cannot grow in low pH environments.
Sodium acrylic acid/Sodium maleic copolymer belongs to the group of linear polycarboxylates, which are often used in cleaning products, detergents and dishwashing liquids in order to stabilize the mix and/or as a dispersing agent i.e. to keep dirt separated from water.
Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate is an active substance, which is used in cosmetic products as a cleansing and emulsifying ingredient. An emulsifier enables the mix of oily and watery components in a product.
Stearic acid is found in many animal and vegetable fatty substances and oils. Stearic acid works as an emulsifying, cleansing and surfactant ingredient in cosmetic products. It is also used as a raw material in soaps and detergents.
Subtilisin is a protein splitting enzyme, which is primarily used in detergents and cleaning products. The enzyme helps remove protein-containing stains. Subtilsin is extracted from a bacteria species called Bacillus subtilis.